Norman Clive DUKE

Mangrove Hub, TropWATER
Centre for Tropical Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Research
James Cook University (JCU), Townsville Qld 4811 AUSTRALIA
Tel : (04) 1967 3366 (mobile), (07) 5534 7082 (office)
Fax : (07) 4781 5589
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  • Doctor of Philosophy, Botany, JCUNQ, 1988 - James Cook University of North Queensland, Australia
  • Master of Science, Botany, JCUNQ, 1984
  • Bachelor of Science Honours, Biochemistry, JCUNQ, 1973


  • monitoring and scientific research in coastal marine habitats
  • systematics, biogeography and genetics of mangrove plants
  • environmental/ecological assessment of mangrove vegetation/ecosystems
  • remote sensing surveys and mapping of coastal wetland vegetation
  • survey of mangrove, estuarine & seagrass fishes and crustacea
  • impact assessment of oil & herbicide pollution on mangrove habitat
  • restoration of degraded mangrove habitat


  • Jun 2011 to present:    James Cook University, TropWATER  AUSTRALIA
    Professorial Research Fellow, Mangrove Hub
    Adjunct Principal Research Fellow, University of Queensland.      
    Vice President, International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (2011-2013)
    • Coast Monitoring and Survey, Earthwatch Australia – Daintree River estuary
    • Mangrove surveys, Torres Strait Regional Authority, NERP – Torres Strait
    • community MangroveWatch, Torres Strait Regional Authority – Torres Strait
    • Book on mangrove biodiversity and distribution in New Caledonia.
    • Pacific Initiative, IUCN MESCAL – Solomons, Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa
  • Jan 1998 – May 2011:    Principal Research Fellow, University of Qld  AUSTRALIA
    • Surveys of mangrove and saltmarsh distributions of New Caledonia.
    • Ecosystem health assessment Marovo Lagoon , Solomon Islands.
    • Historical changes in coastal vegetation of the Moreton and Curtis regions, Qld.
    • Genetic variation and biogeography of Rhizophora in the IWP region.
    • Investigations into dieback of mangroves in Queensland - herbicides.
  • Jun 1993 – Jan 1998:    Associate Scientist, Australian Institute of Marine Science, AUSTRALIA  
    • Fate and effects of oil and dispersed oils on mangroves in Australia: with recommendations for protection, clean-up and rehabilitation.
  • Jan 1989 -June 1993:  Senior Research Scientist, Mangrove Forest Ecology — Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), REPUBLIC OF PANAMA
    • Long term impact of the 1986 oil spill on mangrove forests in Bahía Las Minas, Caribbean coast of Panama. Republic of Panama, Central America
    • Inventory of mangrove resources around the Panama Canal
    • Consultation on mangroves, IUCN and CATIE, Costa Rica and Nicaragua
    • Inventory of mangrove botanical and genetic resources, PNG and India
  • Dec 1974 – Jan 1989:    Technical Officer/Experimental Scientist — Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), Townsville, Queensland AUSTRALIA
    • Mangrove productivity and botanical surveys, N Australia and PNG
  • Feb 1973 – Dec 1974:    Technical Officer — Queensland Dept. of Primary Industries (QDPI) Fisheries Branch, Cairns, Queensland, AUSTRALIA
    • Benthic fish and crustacean survey, Torres Strait, N Queensland


12 recent of 181 published on mangrove and related topics – peer-reviewed.Duke,
  • N.C. 2012. Mangroves of South-East Australia. Estuary plants and what's happening to them in South-East Australia. G. Sainty, J. Hosking, G. Carr and P. Adam. Potts Point, NSW, Sainty and Associates Pty Ltd: 134-141.
  • Warren-Rhodes, K., A.-M. Schwarz, et al. and N. C. Duke. 2011. Mangrove ecosystem services and the potential for carbon revenue programmes in Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 38: 485-496.
  • Zhou, R., S. Ling, W. Zhao, N. Osada, S. Chen, M. Zhang, Z. He, H. Bao, C. Zhong, B. Zhang, X. Lu, D. Turissini, N. C. Duke, J. Lu, S. Shi and C.-I. Wu. 2011. Population genetics in non-model organisms: II. Natural selection in marginal habitats revealed by deep sequencing on dual platforms. Molecular Biology and Evolution, online April 18, 2011.
  • Duke, N.C. and X.J. Ge. 2011. Bruguiera (Rhizophoraceae) in the Indo West Pacific: a morphometric assessment of hybridization within single-flowered taxa. Blumea 56: 36-48.Duke, N.C. 2011. Mangroves. Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs. Structure, Form and Process. D. Hopley. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer: 655-663.
  • Giri, C., E. Ochieng, L. L. Tieszen, Z. Zhu, A. Singh, T. Loveland, and N.C. Duke. 2011. Status and distribution of mangrove forest of the world using earth observation satellite data. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20 (1): 154-159.
  • Duke, N.C. 2010. Overlap of eastern and western mangroves in the SW Pacific: hybridization of all three Rhizophora combinations in New Caledonia. Blumea 55 (2): 171-188.
  • Polidoro, B.A., K.E. Carpenter, L. Collins, N.C. Duke, et al. 2010. The loss of species: mangrove extinction risk and geographic areas of global concern. PLoS ONE 5(4): e10095.
  • Gilman, E.L., J. Ellison, N.C. Duke, C. Field. 2008. Threats to mangroves from climate change and adaptation options: A review. Aquatic Botany 89: 237-250.Duke, N. C., J.-O. Meynecke, S. Dittmann, A. M. Ellison, K. Anger, U. Berger, S. Cannicci, K. Diele, K. C. Ewel, C. D. Field, N. Koedam, S. Y. Lee, C. Marchand, I. Nordhaus, F. Dahdouh-Guebas. 2007. A World Without Mangroves? Science 317: 41-42.
  • Duke, N.C. 2006. Australia’s Mangroves. The authoritative guide to Australia’s mangrove plants. The University of Queensland and Norman C Duke, Brisbane, 200 pages.
  • Meynecke, J.-O., S.Y. Lee, N.C. Duke, and J. Warnken. 2006. Effect of rainfall as a component of climate change on estuarine fish production in Queensland, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 69: 491-504.
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